Mortgage loan is the money that the lender gives to the borrower; sometimes these loans need a guarantee. A mortgage is what one gets as a certification once the asset is used as a pledge for security. There were times when availing mortgage loan was very difficult but with the growing competition it has become very simple to get mortgage loan. The loan amount can be used for various purposes such as purchasing a property, wedding, vacation, medical purposes etc.
As a security is attached with the loan therefore the loan amount is very high. Every individual has his own requirement as a result one should choose the right kind of loan that would solve his purpose. In mortgage loan the time of repayment is very long it may extend unto 25 years or more. Since the repayment tenure is so long therefore the monthly installment that the borrower has to pay is not much and does not disturb his monthly finances.
Mortgage loan can be generally divided into two types:
1. Fixed rate mortgage loan
2. Adjustable rate mortgage loan
In case of fixed rate mortgage loan the interest rate remains the same throughout the tenure of the loan. In this kind of loan the borrower is more relaxed because he knows the amount that he has to pay every month and accordingly plans his budget. Therefore the borrower will not be affected by the change in the interest rates as his mortgage amount will not change.
In adjustable rate mortgage loan or variable rate mortgage loan the interest rate is adjusted from time to time based on an index. By taking this kind of mortgage loan the borrower can lower his payments as he is ready to take the risk of change in the interest rates.
Apart from these two there are various kinds of mortgage loan such as interest only mortgage loan, graduated payment mortgage loan, negative amortization mortgage loan, conventional loan, extendible balloons and many more. It is for the borrower to decide on the kind of loan that would fulfill his requisite.
Mortgage loan is a kind of loan that would continue for years, therefore the borrower would want the best and the most reasonable rate as he has to pay the interest for many years. There are certain things that affect the mortgage loan interest rate such as loan amount, loan tenure, down payment, income of the borrower, whether or not the loan is adjustable etc.
There are certain points that the borrower must keep in mind before availing mortgage loan.
Firstly, the borrower should decide on the loan amount after assessing his income and the pay back capacity so that the loan does not hamper his budget.
Secondly, one should do complete market study before availing mortgage loan, and then choose the best deal as per his need.
Thirdly, mortgage loans are of various kinds, so the borrower should decide on the type of mortgage loan according to his constraint.
Fourthly, the borrower must have a clear idea about the rate of interest, the monthly installment that he has to pay, the terms and conditions and the tenure of the loan. One should calculate the interest rate and the monthly installments beforehand so that he does not end up paying more to the lender.
Fifthly, the borrower must check the means and standing of the mortgage loan lender.